BIOLOGY

17. The term protista refers to :

a) A kingdom within the superkingom SAR.

b) A kingdom within the superkingdom Excavata.

c) It is a descriptive term or common name for unicellular, colonial, and some multicellular organisms that lack true tissues.

d) A phylum within the Kingdom Metazoa.

18. Which term best describes the following organism: a unicellular (single celled) eukaryote that has a single large mitochondrion, and causes Chagas disease or sleeping sickness.

a) Hypermastigophora.

b) Diplomonada.

c) Algae.

d) Trypanosoma.

e) Rhizopoda.

19. Which term does not describe a unicellular, photosynthetic, algae?

a) Apicomplexan.

b) Diatom.

c) Dinoflagllate.

d) Euglenoid.

20. What term best describes the following organism: a multicellular eukaryote with a chitinous cell wall that is an absorptive heterotroph?

a) Fungi.

b) Metazoa.

c) Plantae.

d) Excavata.

21. What term describes fungal hyphae that have two haploid nuclei in each of the cells?

a) Haploid.

b) Diploid.

c) Dikaryotic.

d) Triploid.

e) Polyploid.

22. The complete mass of fungal cell filaments that forms a fungus is called a:

a) Hypha.

b) Mycelium.

c) Spore.

23. What Division of fungi produce spores in sac-like structures, morels are an example, and many form cup-like structures in addition to the sac-like sporangia?

a) Zygomycota.

b) Ascomycota.

c) Basidiomycota.

24. A lichen is best described as:

a) A plant.

b) A fungus.

c) An alga.

d) A symbiotic relationship between algae or cyanophyta; and fungi.

25. The Oomycota and slime molds are members of the Kingdom Fungi.

a) True.

b) False.

26. Into which taxon would you classify the following organism: a multicellular eukaryote, with a cellulose cell wall, that is photosynthetic, and has a number of tissues?

a) Excavata.

b) SAR.

c) Metazoa.

d) Plantae.

27. Which statement is not true of plant alternation of generations?

a) A gametophyte makes gametes.

b) A sporophyte is 2n.

c) A spore fuses with another spore to form a diploid zygote.

d) A spore is haploid (n).

28. Which tissue is considered a “dead” tissue lacking cytoplasm, cell membranes, nuclei, and other cellular organelles, and is responsible for transpiration of water from roots to leaves?

a) Xylem.

b) Phloem.

29. In phloem, which cells actually translocate sugars?

a) Sieve elements.

b) Companion cells.

30. Which of the following is not required for transpiration of water through xylem?

a) Root pressure.

b) ATP.

c) Evaporative pressure.

d) Capillary action.

31. Which of the following is not required for the translocation of sugars through phloem?

a) Sugars are loaded at a “source” such as leaves.

b) Sugars are unloaded at a “sink” such as the root.

c) ATP.

d) Evaporative pressure.

32. Which statement is true of Bryophytes, the mosses?

a) They are seed producers.

b) They are vascular, i.e. have xylem and phloem.

c) They require water for fertilization.

d) They are sporophyte dominant.

33. Which statement is true of Pterophytans, the ferns?

a) They are seed producers.

b) They require water for fertilization.

c) They are avascular, i.e. they lack xylem and phloem.

d) They are gametophyte dominant.

34. Which statement is true of Conifers?

a) They are seed producers.

b) They require water for fertilization.

c) They are avascular, i.e. they lack xylem and phloem.

d) They are gametophyte dominant.

35. The endosperm of a Conifer seed is:

a) Haploid (n).

b) Diploid (2n).

c) Triploid (3n).

d) Tetraploid (4n).

36. Which statement is not true of a seed?

a) It contains an embryonic sporophyte plant.

b) Endosperm provides nutrition to the developing embryo, hopefully until the embryo can photosynthesize for itself.

c) Seed coats protect the embryo and endosperm.

d) Seeds are collected by many animals, and help in the spread of seed plants.

e) All plants produce seeds.

37. In the Anthophyta, the plant seed coat is 2n, and the embryo is 2n. Are they genetically identical?

a) Yes.

b) No.

38. Which of the following is the female reproductive organ in a flower?

a) Petal.

b) Stamen.

c) Pistil.

d) Anther.

e) Receptacle.

39. If a plant has both male and female reproductive organs it is:

a) Monoecious.

b) Dioecious.

40. Ovules are found within what part of a flower?

a) Ovary.

b) Stigma.

c) Style.

d) Anther.

e) Corolla.

41. If a plant has netted veins in its leaf, four stamens in its flower, and a taproot, it is probably in what class of flowering plants?

a) Monocotyledonae (Monocots).

b) Dicotyledonae (Dicots).

42. Which Plant Division has seeds with a 3n endosperm due to double fertilization?

a) Pterophyta.

b) Coniferophyta.

c) Anthophyta.

d) Bryophyta.

43. Which Plant Division uses pollinators like bees, butterflies, moths, ants, beetles, hummingbirds, and bats?

a) Pterophyta.

b) Anthophyta.

c) Coniferophyta.

d) Bryophyta.

44. How many seeds develop from each ovule?

a) One.

b) Two.

c) Three.

d) Four.

45. Which of the following is not a fruit?

a) Banana.

b) Tomato.

c) Zucchini.

d) Cabbage.

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