Biology

Phylum/Division

Sample 1: Chrysophyta

Sample 2: Annelida

Sample 3: Arthropoda

Sample 4: Amphibia

Sample 5: Aves

Common Feature

Nutrition

How does the organism break down and absorb food?

They eat through dirt

Some are vegetarians

Thy are vegetarians

Circulatory System (Transport)

How does the organism get what it needs to cells (open, closed, diffusion only)?

Diffusion

Closed

Open circulatory

Closed

Closed

Respiratory System

How does the organism get oxygen and release carbon dioxide?

Diffusion

Diffusion through skin

Diffusion through tracheal tubes

Diffusion through skin and lungs

Diffusion through the lungs

Reproductive System

Does the organism use asexual or sexual reproduction (eggs, seeds, spores, placenta, type of fertilization)?

Asexual

Has organs containing their eggs that moves from front to rear

Internal fertilization

External fertilization; must be in a moist environment

Internal Fertilization

Excretory System

How does the organism get rid of wastes and maintain an ionic balance of fluids?

Waste exits through Anus

Waste goes through kidneys, intestines and anus

Waste goes through kidneys, intestines and anus

Growth and Development

Does the organism go through metamorphosis, develop in an egg or uterus, or grow from seeds?

Developed in an egg then hatch

Developed in egg

Developed in egg

Developed in egg

Regulation

How does the organism control body processes (hormones, nervous system)?

They have eye spots that can detect the light

The brain, the nerve cord and ganglia runs the length of the body

With the brain, the nerve cord, ganglia and sensory organs

With good reflexes, the brain, and the nervous system

Sample organism

Phytoplankton

Earthworm

Fruit fly

Frog

Bird

Table 2: Samples 6–10

Phylum/Division

Sample 6: Reptilians

Sample 7: Mammalia

Sample 8: Bryophyta

Sample 9:

Gymnosperm

Sample 10: Angiosperm

Common Feature

Nutrition

How does the organism break down and absorb food?

Circulatory System (Transport)

How does the organism get what it needs to cells (open, closed, diffusion only)?

Closed

Closed

Diffusion through cell membranes and cell wall

Respiratory System

How does the organism get oxygen and release carbon dioxide?

Diffusion through the lungs

Reproductive System

Does the organism use asexual or sexual reproduction (eggs, seeds, spores, placenta, type of fertilization)?

Internal Fertilization

Internal fertilization, developed in uterus

Sperm moves to eggs; must be in a moist environment

Pollen is the male sex cell

Pollen is the male sex cell

Excretory System

How does the organism get rid of wastes and maintain an ionic balance of fluids?

Waste goes through kidneys, intestines and anus

Waste goes through kidneys, intestines and anus

Growth and Development

Does the organism go through metamorphosis, develop in an egg or uterus, or grow from seeds?

Developed in an egg

Developed in uterus

Spores

Developed in a seed

Developed in a seed

Regulation

How does the organism control body processes (hormones, nervous system)?

Endocrine and nervous system

Endocrine and nervous system

Hormones in bud, roots and stem

Hormones in bud, roots, stem and leaves

Sample organism

Snake

Cat

Moss

Pine tree

Rose

Part 2: Using the completed data table, answer the following questions:

What is common among all samples?

What is common among organisms from samples 1, 9, and 10?

What is common between the circulatory system of organisms from samples 5, 6, and 7, but different in organisms from sample 4?

What is common in the respiration system of organisms from samples 2 and 4?

What gas is delivered to the respiratory system of organisms from samples 1, 9, and 10? Why?

Which organisms are producers?

Which organisms are decomposers?

Look at the surface of your hand. You will see the skin and hair made up of protein called keratin. Which organisms did humans inherit that protein from?

Which organisms have blood?

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