1. All of the following are exmaples of environmental nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), except
World Wildlife Fund
Natural Resources Defense Council
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
The Nature Conservancy
2. As a form of waste reduction, reuse does all of the following, EXCEPT
Decreases the use of matter resources
Decreases the use of energy resources
Cuts pollution and waste
Creates local jobs
3. Which of the following is NOT a type of ewaste?
Discraded TV sets
Discarded computer printer paper
Discarded cell phones
Discraded electronic toys
Discarded computer monitors
4. At what level of exposure to a particular toxic chemical will the chemical cause harm?
5. Markets do well in the production and distribution of private goods, but are not so good at
Distribution of resources
Protecting sources of information
6. Typical rain in the eastern US is at least _____ times more acidic than what normal precipitation should be
7. Governments intervene in markets to do all of the following, EXCEPT
Prevent degradation of open-access resources
Provide public services
Provide security ad protecton
Manage public resources
Direct production of goods and services
8. Developed contries, in the year 2000, pledged to devote 0.7% of their national income toward reducing hunger and poverty, and moving toward environmental sustainability. What is the average actual amount donated by these countries?
9. The trickle-down effect describes how
Hhigh quality energy being converted to low quality heat energy
Toxic wastes filter down in landfills.
Use of microloans to alleviate poverty
Economic growth increases the number of jobs and helps the poor help themselves.
Movement of toxic pesticides percolate through a food web.
10. Which of the following would NOT traditionally support an eco-economy?
Shift taxes from wages and profits to pollution and waste.
Improve energy efficiency.
Shift from a carbon-based economy to a renewable fuel-based economy.
Repair ecological damage
Decrease subsidies for alternative fuel vehicles.
11. The process by which individuals and groups tries to influence or control the policies and actions of governments is known as
all of these answers
none of these answers
12. Countries whose environment has been severely degraded may be characterized by any of the following, EXCEPT
Deterioration of vital infrastructure
Allegiance to warlords
Breakdown of law and order
Violent internal conflict or civil war
13. Ecological and environmental economists consider which of the following to be a basic cause of environmental degradation, pollution, poor health, and premature death?
Taxes on wages, income, wealth
Using tradable permits or rights to pollute
Laws and regulations to prevent pollution
14. Human inputs of outdoor air pollutants occur mostly
In rural areas
In the mountains
Along the oceans
In urban areas
In the deserts
15. New and more innovative business replacing older ones that can no longer thrive under changing economic conditions is known as
Free market system
16. ________relates to the amount of a potentially toxic substance as it passes through food chains and webs.
17. Which of the following countries did not adopt Agenda 21, the global agenda for sustainable development in the 21st century?
18. The atmospheric layer containing 75% of the mass of earth’s air is the
19. Levying taxes on each unit of pollution discharged into the air or water is an example of
Tradable pollution rights
Charging user fees
Subsidies for beneficial actions
20. Which branch of the U.S. government is responsible for instructing federal agencies on their tasks?
none of these answers
21. Environmentalists say that the best way to handle soft drink and beer containers is to
Use paper bottles
Use stainless steel cans
Use reusable glass bottles and PET containers and recycle
22. Which of the following is the LEAST desirable from an environmental standpoint?
23. Since 1980, the gap between the rich and the poor has
stayed the same
Stayed the same and then decreased