Biology

HCM 205 Module Three Worksheet

Musculoskeletal

Write the definition of the medical words.

· epiphysis

· diaphysis

· endosteum

· compact bone

· periosteum

· medullary canal

· cancellous or spongy bone

· synarthrosis

· condyle

· sulcus

· ataxia

· clonic

· atonic

· adductor

· abductor

· brachialgia

· prime mover

· gluteus maximus

· meatus

· trochanter

Word Surgery

Directions: Read the medical word. Break the medical word into its word parts and give the meaning of each word part. Then give the definition of the medical word.

· chondrocostal

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· arthralgia

Suffix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· dislocation

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· lordosis

Suffix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· achondroplasia

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· osteoarthritis

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· fibromyalgia

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· prosthesis

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· myorrhaphy

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· atonic

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· myokinesis

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· intramuscular

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

Provide the correct medical term for each of the following:

· surgical repair of a joint:

· pertaining to cartilage:

· slow motion/movement:

· incision into the skull:

· impaired muscle tone:

· thin layer of connective tissue:

· inflammation of a joint:

· pertaining to the wrist bones:

· pain in the coccyx:

· instrument used to cut muscle:

· lateral curvature of the spine:

· formation of bone:

Fill in the correct term for each abbreviation.

· ANA

· BMD

· Cl

· C3

· Ca

· MD

· CK

· EMG

· AE

· AK

Spelling Challenge

Spell each term correctly in the space provided.

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
· artritis
· lordiosis
· miehloma
· pedel
· epiphyses
· aponrosis
· cardac
· dacktlespasm
· myorhaphy
· diafram

Pronunciation

Provide the phonetic spelling of the terms below. In addition, using a recording tool, such as Vocaroo, record the following medical terms. For support on using Vocaroo, refer to the Vocaroo HYPERLINK “http://snhu-media.snhu.edu/files/course_repository/undergraduate/hcm/hcm205/hcm205_vocaroo_tutorial_alt_text.pdf” Tutorial document.

Term Phonetic Spelling
· dislocation
· arthralgia
· chondral
· tibial
· ulnar
· craniectomy
· dermatomyositis
· fascia
· flaccid
· quadriceps
· atrophy
· diaphragm

Place the recording of your pronunciation of the medical terms here:

Answer the following:

· The six primary functions of the bones are:

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· The six classifications of bone, and an example of each, are:

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· List and describe the three basic types of muscle tissue according to functions and appearance.

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· List and describe the three distinguishable parts of a muscle.

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· List and describe the three classifications of muscles as they perform in groups as motor units.

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Case Study

To begin, review the medical records located in the Practical Application sections of Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 in the textbook. Then, using the records, answer the questions below. Note: The questions below are different from the questions in the textbook.

Chapter 6

· DXA scan is used to diagnose a bone disease called ___________________.

· What is the abbreviation for bone mineral density test?

· According to the medical record, a discrepancy was found between the lumbar spine and hips due to what condition?

· Define osteopenia.

· When is follow-up recommended for this patient?

Chapter 7

· What are the signs and symptoms this patient was experiencing?

· What is the diagnosis?

· How was the diagnosis determined?

· What is muscular dystrophy?

· Creatine kinase (CK) is a blood test that measures the level of CK in the blood and is increased in ________________ or ______________ of the skeletal muscle, traumatic muscle injury, strenuous exercise, and progressive muscular dystrophy.

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