___ 1. Although there are similarities between animal and fungal digestion, there is a major difference. Identify




this difference.




A. Animal digestion uses enzymes; fungal digestion does not. B. Only animals begin the digestive




process outside the body. C. Larger nutrient molecules are absorbed through the animal cell membrane




than through fungal cell membranes. D. A fungus will digest nutrient matter outside of its body.




E. Under certain conditions, fungi can produce their own nutrients.




____ 2. When a haploid “plus” mating type fungal cell fuses with a haploid “minus” mating type cell, this can




lead to a single cell containing two haploid nuclei called a




A. spore. B. dikaryon. C. fruiting body. D. haploid-diploid. E. fusion product.





____ 3. Green algae such as Ulva demonstrate an alteration of generations. The diploid phase is called the







A. gametophyte generation. B. embryo. C. sporophyte generation. D. diploid generation.




E. zygote.




____ 4. In bryophytes, the rhizoids




A. serve as attachment structures. B. obtain nutrients. C. obtain water. D. lure possible prey.




E. are involved in reproduction.




____ 5. The vascular transport tubes of plants are reinforced with




A. cellulose. B. chitin. C. rhizoids. D. mycorrhizae. E. lignin.




____ 6. In gymnosperms, the formation of the female gametophyte takes place in the




A. microspores. B. megaspores. C. macrospores. D. ovule. E. rhizomes.




____ 7. All of the following are parts of a flower except the




A. carpel. B. stamen. C. ovary. D. fruit. E. cuticle.




____ 8. Arrange the following characteristics in order from the earliest to the most recent to evolve.




1. fruits




2. ovules




3. multicellular embryos




4. vascular system




5. alternation of generations




A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 B. 3, 2, 4, 5, 1 C. 5, 2, 4, 3, 1 D. 5, 3, 4, 2, 1 E. 3, 5, 4, 2, 1




____ 9. Which of the following is an adaptation to land characteristic of gymnosperms but not ferns?




A. seeds B. spores C. vascular system D. alternation of generations E. flowers




____ 10. Which of the following are adaptations to land of both gymnosperms and angiosperms but are lacking in




ferns and mosses?




A. pollen and seeds B. fruits and flowers C. vascular system D. true roots, stems, and leaves




E. spores




____ 11. Which of the following plant groups specifically need water for sperm transport?




A. mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants B. mosses, ferns, conifers C. mosses, ferns D. mosses




only E. flowering plants only






Name: ______________________ ID: A












____ 12. Which plant group has a dominant gametophyte generation when compared to the sporophyte








A. flowering plants B. gymnosperms C. ferns D. horsetails E. bryophytes




____ 13. Which of the following is an adaptation to land seen in ferns but not in mosses?




A. vascular system




B. alternation of generations




C. ovules




D. seeds




E. spores




Text Section:12.3 – plant evolution, adaptation to land




____ 14. The principal criterion used to classify fungi into divisions (the equivalent of phyla) is




A. the pigments found in the hyphal cells. B. the components of their cell walls. C. the




biochemistry of their plasma membranes. D. the morphology of the sexual spore-bearing structures.




E. the pattern of cilia on their external surfaces.




____ 15. Unlike land plants, green algae do not have




A. chlorophyll b. B. carotenoids. C. embryos. D. diploid generations. E. flagellated cells.




____ 16. In algae and plants with a life cycle characterized by alternation of generations, the _____ produces




spores by ______.




A. zygote; meiosis B. gametophyte; mitosis C. gametophyte; meiosis D. sporophyte: mitosis




E. sporophyte; meiosis





____ 17. Which of the following characteristics does the life cycle of the alga Ulva share with the life cycle of







seed plants?




A. male and female gametes that look the same B. male and female gametes produced by mitosis




C. sporophytes and gametophytes that look the same D. diploid spores E. fertilization in the open








____ 18. Plants have adapted to dry land by evolving all of the following except




A. association with mycorrhizae to improve mineral uptake. B. secreting a waxy coating to prevent




water loss. C. forms of chlorophyll more efficient at capturing light. D. tissues to conduct water




through the plant. E. structures to protect reproductive cells and embryos.




____ 19. In photosynthesis, the light-dependent reactions





A. can take place day or night. B. produce ADP and NADP+. C. are uncoupled from the







light-independent reactions. D. lead to carbon fixation. E. produce ATP and NADPH.




____ 20. Which of the following does not take place during the first of the two phases of photosynthesis?




A. Light energy is absorbed by electrons in the chlorophyll. B. Water is split. C. Atp and electron




carriers are formed. D. Carbon dioxide is fixed. E. Oxygen is released.




____ 21. Choose the process that does not occur during the light-trapping phase of photosynthesis.




A. Water is split. B. ATP is produced. C. NADPH is produced. D. Oxygen is released.




E. Carbon dioxide is fixed.

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