Biology

 This invertebrate lancelet belongs in Phylum ________ based on its key characteristics.

a.  Vertebrata

b. Agnatha

c.  Chondrichthyes

d.  Chordata

e.  Mollusca

 

 

 

28.  (See evolutionary tree below)

28.  Based on this evolutionary tree,

Which primates are the most primitive?

a.      Lemurs , lorises, and pottos

b.    Old world monkeys

c.     Apes

d.    New world monkeys

e.     tarsiers

29.   Which unique feature distinguishes the members of the lineage that gave rise to humans from other hominids including gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans?

a.     Grasping hand

b.    Large snout nose

c.     Binocular vision

d.    Bipedal locomotion

e.     Knuckle walking

 

30.  The “Out of Africa” hypothesis proposes that the first modern humans evolved ____________________

a.     in multiple regions of the world outside of Africa

b.    in Africa and migrated to Asia and Europe

c.     outside of Africa and migrated into Africa

 

31.  What group(s) of mammals has embryos that develop completely within the uterus while being nourished.by the mother?

a.     Placental

b.    Marsupial

c.     Monotreme

d.    Both marsupial and Placental

e.     Both monotremes and marsupial

 

 

32.  Which is an incorrect match of muscle  tissue type with the organ?

a.      Cardiac muscle…………………….. heart

b.     Smooth muscle …………………… stomach

c.      Cardiac muscle……………………. Arteries

d.    Smooth muscle…………………….. small intestines

e.     Skeletal muscles…………………… muscles attached to bones

 

33.   What is an example of homeostasis?

a.      Skin is composed of all four tissue types.

b.    When sugar levels rise in the blood, the pancreas releases insulin to bring down the sugar levels.

c.     DNA is found in the nucleus of all eukaryotic cells

d.    When you exercise, your body temperature rises

e.     Hair grows at a constant rate.

 

34.  (See heart below)

34.  What is the name of the chamber labeled Q?

a.  right atrium

b.  right ventricle

c.  left atrium

d.  left ventricle

 

35.  Where does this chamber Q pump blood next?

a.  pulmonary artery

b.  left atrium

c.  aorta

d.  pulmonary veins

 

Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35.   (See heart above)

 

36.  Which of the following lists  traces the correct path of blood from the

Vena cava to the lungs?

a.     Left atrium………. Left ventricle…………..aorta

b.    Left atrium………..Left ventricle……..……..pulmonary veins

c.     Right atrium………Right ventricle…………….pulmonary arteries

d.    Right atrium…….. Left ventricle…………… Aorta

e.     Right atrium…….. Right ventricle……….…..pulmonary veins

 

 

 

 

 

 

37.  The respiratory surface of most organisms, such as alveoli in humans, must __________

a.      Be thin ( one cell layer thick)

b.    Be moist

c.     Have an extensive surface area

d.    Allow diffusion of gasses

e.     All of the above are true

 

38.   Label the respiratory structures shown in Figure 4 by choosing the CORRECT set of labels.

38.  Label the respiratory structures shown in this figure by choosing the correct set of labels

a.  A= pharynx       B =esophagus               C =trachea

b.  A= pharynx       B =larynx                        C= bronchioles

c.  A = pharynx       B= trachea                     C = bronchus

d.  A = larynx           B= bronchus                 C = trachea

e.  A = larynx          B = bronchus                 C = bronchioles

39.  (See image below)

39.  This test tube has been spun with a centrifuge.

The liquid portion on top labeled A is the ______________ and the dark red portion on the bottom labeled C are  ________________

a.      Plasma……………….. erythrocytes

b.     Plasma………………….. leukocytes

c.      Plasma……………………. Platelets

d.     Platelets…………………. Erythrocytes

e.      Leukocytes…………….  Erythrocytes

40.  A blood pressure reading of 150/100 is an indicator of _____________________ and the number 150 is the ___________________ blood pressure.

a.      Normal blood pressure………………………… systolic

b.     Normal blood pressure……………………….. diastolic

c.      High blood pressure……………………………. systolic

d.     High blood pressure……………………………..diastolic

e.     Low blood pressure……………………………… diastolic

 

 

 

 

 

41.  What is the human body’s first line of defense against pathogens?

a.      Macrophages and inflammation

b.     Antibodies

c.      Barriers of the skin with its oil and sweat, tears of  eyes

d.    T  lymphocytes

e.     B lymphocytes

 

42.  Helper T cells _________________

a.     Launch antibody-mediated immunity only

b.    Launch cell-mediated immunity only

c.     Launch both antibody-mediated and cell mediated immunity

d.    Do not help launch either antibody-mediated nor cell-mediated immunity

 

43.  Vaccinations are effective in producing immunity because they stimulate the production of _________

a.      Red blood cells

b.    White blood cells

c.     Memory cells

d.    Helper T cells

e.     Phagocytes

 

44.   The disease of rheumatoid arthritis involves a person attacking their own joints resulting in inflammation and pain.  Rheumatoid arthritis is a(n)_____________

a.     Type of allergy

b.     Infectious disease

c.      Immune deficiency disease

d.     Autoimmune disease

e.      Pulmonary disease

 

45.  The _______________  sends out digestive enzymes to complete digestion and is the location where most nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream.

a.     Small intestine

b.    Large intestine

c.     Stomach

d.    Rectum

e.      Esophagus

 

46.   Which of the following is Nota function of the excretory (urinary) system?

a.       Elimination of nitrogenous wastes ( ammonia, urea, uric acid)

b.      Maintenance of salt balance

c.       Help in maintaining acid-base balance

d.      Elimination of undigested food

e.      Maintenance of water balance

 

 

47.

47.  What letter points to the organ where bile is made, ammonia is converted to urea, and glucose is converted to glycogen?

a.  A

b.  B

c.  C

d.  D

e.  E.

 

48.  What letter points to the organ where major water absorption occurs and formation of feces?

a.  A

b.  B

c.  C

d.  D

e.  E

 

Use key below

 

E

D

C

A

B

48.   Use above key

 

49.   Which of the following describes the route of urine out of the body after it leaves the kidney?

a.       Renal vein…………….…urinary bladder…………………urethra……………..ureter

b.      Renal vein……………… ureter……………………………….urinary bladder……………urethra

c.       Urethra…………………..urinary bladder………………….ureter

d.      Ureter…………………… urinary bladder……………………urethra

e.      Urethra…………………..urinary bladder…………………..ureters

 

50.  What is the functional unit of the kidney in which urine is formed?

a.      Nephron

b.     Alveolus

c.      Villi

d.     Ganglia

e.     Ventricle

 

51.  Which is an incorrect match?

a.     Fertilization ———-     union of egg and sperm to form a zygote

b.    Ovulation ————— release of an egg from a follicle

c.     Cleavage —————- repeated division of cells without increase in size

d.    Gastrulation ……………. formation of a solid ball of cells

e.     Blastulation …………….. formation of a hollow ball of cells

 

 

 

 

 

 

52.   (see image below)

 

52.  The name of the organ labeled B is the ____________ of a human female and in a healthy state has a weakly  __________ pH.

a.  uterine tube…………………..acid

b.  vagina…………………………… basic

c.  uterus……………………………. acidic

d.  vagina……………………………..acidic

e.  uterus…………………………….. basic

Z

 

 

 

 

 

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