Biology

An autoimmune response in which the beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed describes

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

metabolic acidosis.

 

[removed]

 

hypoglycemia.

 

[removed]

 

type 2 diabetes.

 

[removed]

 

type 1 diabetes.

 

16) Metabolic acidosis may

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

is a condition often seen in hypoglycemia patients.

 

[removed]

 

harm the heart directly.

 

[removed]

 

harm the central nervous system, specifically the brain.

 

[removed]

 

result in a stroke.

 

17) As bones age in older persons, they

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

become stronger.

 

[removed]

 

have increased calcium deposits.

 

[removed]

 

are more brittle.

 

[removed]

 

are less porous.

 

18) Why do people tend to get shorter as they age?

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

they hunch over due to fatigue

 

[removed]

 

the intervertebral disks deteriorate

 

[removed]

 

their bones become shorter

 

[removed]

 

their muscles become shorter

 

19) By age 50, the basal metabolic rate is ____ what it was in childhood.

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

the same as

 

[removed]

 

double

 

[removed]

 

25-30%

 

[removed]

 

80-85%

 

20) Overgrowth of tissue resulting in an abnormal enlargement is referred to as

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

anaplasia

 

[removed]

 

hypoplasia.

 

[removed]

 

hyperplasia.

 

[removed]

 

aplasia.

 

21) Which of the following terms is most synonymous with “tumor”?

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

neoplasm

 

[removed]

 

oncogene

 

[removed]

 

dysplasia

 

[removed]

 

cancer

 

22) The spread of a cancer from one site to others in the body is known as

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

benign tumor.

 

[removed]

 

benign tumor and malignant tumor.

 

[removed]

 

metastasis.

 

[removed]

 

malignant tumor.

 

23) The transformation of a normal cell into a cancer cell is called

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

cytogenesis.

 

[removed]

 

parthenogenesis.

 

[removed]

 

oncogenesis.

 

[removed]

 

carcinogenesis.

 

24) Why is cancer more prevalent in older individuals?

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

The protective action of cytotoxic T cells breaks down with age.

 

[removed]

 

Cancer cells form at a faster rate.

 

[removed]

 

Cancers learn to disguise themselves as “self” with time.

 

[removed]

 

More mutations develop with age.

 

25) Half of all cancers are caused by

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

environmental factors.

 

[removed]

 

immune suppressing drugs.

 

[removed]

 

viruses.

 

[removed]

 

medications.

 

26) Which of the following cancers is the most common in men?

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

colon

 

[removed]

 

lung

 

[removed]

 

skin

 

[removed]

 

prostate

 

27) A therapy that combines surgery with less toxic doses of chemotherapy is

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

modified chemotherapy.

 

[removed]

 

immunotherapy.

 

[removed]

 

adjuvant therapy.

 

[removed]

 

immunotherapy.

 

28) Which of the following cancers is the most common in women?

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

skin

 

[removed]

 

breast

 

[removed]

 

lung

 

[removed]

 

colon

 

29) Which of the following is NOT a way to reduce cancer risk?

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

avoid tobacco

 

[removed]

 

restrict alcohol intake

 

[removed]

 

maintain desirable weight

 

[removed]

 

begin estrogen replacement therapy after menopause

 

30) How many people in the United States are struck by cancer?

 

(1pts)

 

[removed]

 

three in eight.

 

[removed]

 

five in ten.

 

[removed]

 

one in three.

 

[removed]

 

two in five.

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