Biology

CHAPTER 18

• Identify the primary functions of blood, its fluid and cellular components, and its physical characteristics

• Identify the most important proteins and other solutes present in blood plasma

• Describe the formation of the formed element components of blood

• Discuss the structure and function of red blood cells and hemoglobin

• Classify and characterize white blood cells

• Describe the structure of platelets and explain the process of hemostasis

• Explain the significance of AB and Rh blood groups in blood transfusions

• Discuss a variety of blood disorders

CHAPTER 19

• Identify and describe the interior and exterior parts of the human heart

• Describe the path of blood through the cardiac circuits

• Describe the size, shape, and location of the heart

• Compare cardiac muscle to skeletal and smooth muscle

• Explain the cardiac conduction system

• Describe the process and purpose of an electrocardiogram

• Explain the cardiac cycle

• Calculate cardiac output

CHAPTER 20

• Compare and contrast the anatomical structure of arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins

• Accurately describe the forces that account for capillary exchange

• List the major factors affecting blood flow, blood pressure, and resistance

• Describe how blood flow, blood pressure, and resistance interrelate

• Discuss how the neural and endocrine mechanisms maintain homeostasis within the blood vessels

• Describe the interaction of the cardiovascular system with other body systems

• Label the major blood vessels of the pulmonary and systemic circulations

• Identify and describe the hepatic portal system

• Describe the development of blood vessels and fetal circulation

• Compare fetal circulation to that of an individual after birth

CHAPTER 21

• Identify the components and anatomy of the lymphatic system

• Discuss the role of the innate immune response against pathogens

• Describe the power of the adaptive immune response to cure disease

• Explain immunological deficiencies and over-reactions of the immune system

• Discuss the role of the immune response in transplantation and cancer

• Describe the interaction of the immune and lymphatic systems with other body systems

CHAPTER 22

• List the structures of the respiratory system

• List the major functions of the respiratory system

• Outline the forces that allow for air movement into and out of the lungs

• Outline the process of gas exchange

• Summarize the process of oxygen and carbon dioxide transport within the respiratory system

• Create a flow chart illustrating how respiration is controlled

• Discuss how the respiratory system responds to exercise

• Describe the development of the respiratory system in the embryo

CHAPTER 23

• List and describe the functional anatomy of the organs and accessory organs of the digestive system

• Discuss the processes and control of ingestion, propulsion, mechanical digestion, chemical digestion,

absorption, and defecation

• Discuss the roles of the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder in digestion

• Compare and contrast the digestion of the three macronutrients

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