Applied Sciences

Applied Sciences

Creating an Annotated Bibliography An annotated bibliography provides a bibliographic entry for each source (the citation itself) and a brief paragraph explaining what the source’s argument is and its significance to your paper. Here are some helpful tips for creating and annotated bibliography: (adapted from The St. Martin’s Handbook)

 An annotated bibliography includes your description and comments as well as publishing information.  There are two types of annotations:

1. descriptive – a bare-bones description of an article, book, Web site, etc.

Gere, Anne Ruggles. “Kitchen Tables and Rented Rooms: The Extracurriculum of

Composition.” Literacy: A Critical Sourcebook. Eds. Ellen Cushman, Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose. Boston: Bedford, 2001. 275-89.

This history of writing instruction argues that writing instruction takes place – and has historically taken place – in far less formal venues than the writing classroom. Gere presents numerous examples and comments on their importance to the study of writing today.

2. substantive/evaluative – summarizes the main points in the source and then makes an evaluative comment on them.

Gere, Anne Ruggles. “Kitchen Tables and Rented Rooms: The Extracurriculum of

Composition.” Literacy: A Critical Sourcebook. Eds. Ellen Cushman, Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose. Boston: Bedford, 2001. 275-89.

This history of how and where writing is learned includes what’s been missing from other accounts: the history of learning writing outside of the academic classroom. What Gere calls the “extracurriculum” are the clubs and groups that have formed since the nineteenth century and continue to form to help participants improve their writing – and often to improve their communities. If writing teachers in academe would take these groups into account, Gere argues, they could enrich their understanding and teaching of writing. Like many other articles in this book, Gere’s piece concerns both the history of literacy and current practices. The date of her article (1994) precedes the enormous popularity of contemporary book clubs, but I wonder what Gere would have to say about those.

 The most effective annotations for writing argumentative essay combine aspects of these two types of

annotations by offering a basic description of the source and then evaluating how you think it might be helpful to your project, including what you think it will add to your final project.

 Keep in mind the following tips when searching for sources:

1. Begin by asking yourself what this particular source will add to your research project. 2. You may need to read beyond the title and opening paragraph to check for relevance of a source. 3. Remember to check the reliability of a source and credentials of its author, publisher, or sponsor. 4. Consulting the bibliography of a source can direct you to other sources that might be helpful. 5. Be aware of the tone and possible bias of sources.

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