Applied Sciences

Discussion Board 2.1

Identify a topic related to the field of counseling or human services that you might be interested in researching. From that general topic, define a single research question. Next, identify the independent and dependent variables in the question and give both the conceptual and operational definition of each variable. When looking at the research of others, which type of definition is more important to attend to – conceptual or operational? Explain your response.


Topic: treatment of depression

Research question: Is exercise as effective in treating depression as cognitive behavior therapy?


Independent variable: Type of treatment (exercise or CBT)

Dependent variable: Depression

Operational definitions:

Exercise: 20 minutes of cardiovascular activity in which 80% of target heart rate is achieved taking place at least 5 times per week

CBT: 50 minute session each week with a therapist trained in CBT ; session focused on depression

Depression: Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory

CJ345-3: Analyze behavioral theory as it relates to the supervision of criminal justice entities.


GEL-1.1: Demonstrate college-level communication through the composition of original materials in Standard American English.


Write a 3–4-page paper (excluding cover page) responding to the following:


** The Case Study is taken from Chapter 10 in the textbook ** This will be added as an attachment.


Read the case study on pages 295–297 in Effective Police Supervision and assess the sound operational decisions made by the sergeant.


Consider the following questions:


  • Did Sergeant Williams make a sound operational decision?
  • What mistakes were made at the beginning?
  • How can future situations like this be prevented?
  • Who is at fault?
  • What sound operational decision should the sergeant now make to resolve the situation?

PLEASE NOTE: This essay may require outside research and you will need a minimum of 3 sources for this paper.


You may consult the Kaplan Online Library, the Internet, the textbook, other course material, and any other outside resources in supporting your task, using proper citations in APA style. Also, in text citations are a must if they are being used


USE ONLY ACADEMIC SOURCES: Use Google Scholar, JSTOR, textbooks, and/or .gov websites to keep the true academic sources in your papers. TURNITIN MUST BE UNDER 20%

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