Accounting

Brief Exercise 10-10

Stellar Company traded a used welding machine (cost $10,440, accumulated depreciation $3,480) for office equipment with an estimated fair value of $5,800. Stellar also paid $3,480 cash in the transaction. Prepare the journal entry to record the exchange. (The exchange has commercial substance.)  (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually. If no entry is required, select “No Entry” for the account titles and enter 0 for the amounts.)

Account Titles and Explanation Debit Credit
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Exercise 10-3

Pearl Corporation operates a retail computer store. To improve delivery services to customers, the company purchases four new trucks on April 1, 2017. The terms of acquisition for each truck are described below.

1. Truck #1 has a list price of $33,150 and is acquired for a cash payment of $30,719.
2. Truck #2 has a list price of $35,360 and is acquired for a down payment of $4,420 cash and a zero-interest-bearing note with a face amount of $30,940. The note is due April 1, 2018. Pearl would normally have to pay interest at a rate of 10% for such a borrowing, and the dealership has an incremental borrowing rate of 8%.
3. Truck #3 has a list price of $35,360. It is acquired in exchange for a computer system that Pearl carries in inventory. The computer system cost $26,520 and is normally sold by Pearl for $33,592. Pearl uses a perpetual inventory system.
4. Truck #4 has a list price of $30,940. It is acquired in exchange for 920 shares of common stock in Pearl Corporation. The stock has a par value per share of $10 and a market price of $13 per share.

Prepare the appropriate journal entries for the above transactions for Pearl Corporation.  (Round present value factors to 5 decimal places, e.g. 0.52587 and final answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 5,275. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually. If no entry is required, select “No Entry” for the account titles and enter 0 for the amounts.)

No. Account Titles and Explanation Debit Credit
1. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
2. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
3. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
4. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Exercise 10-13

Presented below is information related to Whispering Company. 1. On July 6, Whispering Company acquired the plant assets of Doonesbury Company, which had discontinued operations. The appraised value of the property is:

Land $396,000
Buildings 1,188,000
Equipment 792,000
   Total $2,376,000

Whispering Company gave 12,500 shares of its $100 par value common stock in exchange. The stock had a market price of $252 per share on the date of the purchase of the property. 2. Whispering Company expended the following amounts in cash between July 6 and December 15, the date when it first occupied the building. (Prepare consolidated entry for all transactions below.)

Repairs to building $99,590
Construction of bases for equipment to be installed later 126,240
Driveways and parking lots 130,410
Remodeling of office space in building, including new partitions and walls 171,890
Special assessment by city on land 18,330

3. On December 20, the company paid cash for equipment, $270,400, subject to a 2% cash discount, and freight on equipment of $10,800. Prepare entries on the books of Whispering Company for these transactions.  (Round intermediate calculations to 5 decimal places, e.g. 1.25124 and final answer to 0 decimal places e.g. 58,971. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually. If no entry is required, select “No Entry” for the account titles and enter 0 for the amounts.)

No. Account Titles and Explanation Debit Credit
1. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
2. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
3. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Exercise 11-6

Whispering Company purchased equipment for $236,430 on October 1, 2017. It is estimated that the equipment will have a useful life of 8 years and a salvage value of $13,320. Estimated production is 40,200 units and estimated working hours are 20,000. During 2017, Whispering uses the equipment for 530 hours and the equipment produces 1,000 units. Compute depreciation expense under each of the following methods. Whispering is on a calendar-year basis ending December 31.  (Round rate per hour and rate per unit to 2 decimal places, e.g. 5.35 and final answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 45,892.)

(a) Straight-line method for 2017 $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(b) Activity method (units of output) for 2017 $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(c) Activity method (working hours) for 2017 $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(d) Sum-of-the-years’-digits method for 2019 $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(e) Double-declining-balance method for 2018 $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Exercise 11-15

On March 10, 2019, Windsor Company sells equipment that it purchased for $213,120 on August 20, 2012. It was originally estimated that the equipment would have a life of 12 years and a salvage value of $18,648 at the end of that time, and depreciation has been computed on that basis. The company uses the straight-line method of depreciation. Compute the depreciation charge on this equipment for 2012, for 2019, and the total charge for the period from 2013 to 2018, inclusive, under each of the six following assumptions with respect to partial periods.  (Round depreciation per day to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.64 and final answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 45,892.)

2012 2013-2018 Inclusive 2019
(1) Depreciation is computed for the exact period of time during which the asset is owned. (Use 365 days for the base and record depreciation through March 9, 2019.) $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(2) Depreciation is computed for the full year on the January 1 balance in the asset account. $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(3) Depreciation is computed for the full year on the December 31 balance in the asset account. $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(4) Depreciation for one-half year is charged on plant assets acquired or disposed of during the year. $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(5) Depreciation is computed on additions from the beginning of the month following acquisition and on disposals to the beginning of the month following disposal. $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

(6) Depreciation is computed for a full period on all assets in use for over one-half year, and no depreciation is charged on assets in use for less than one-half year. (Use 365 days for base.) $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

$

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Exercise 11-15 (Essay)

On March 10, 2019, Lost World Company sells equipment that it purchased for $192,000 on August 20, 2012. It was originally estimated that the equipment would have a life of 12 years and a salvage value of $16,800 at the end of that time, and depreciation has been computed on that basis. The company uses the straightline method of depreciation. Following are the assumptions with respect to partial periods:

(1) Depreciation is computed for the exact period of time during which the asset is owned. (Use 365 days for the base and record depreciation through March 9, 2019.)
(2) Depreciation is computed for the full year on the January 1 balance in the asset account.
(3) Depreciation is computed for the full year on the December 31 balance in the asset account.
(4) Depreciation for one-half year is charged on plant assets acquired or disposed of during the year.
(5) Depreciation is computed on additions from the beginning of the month following acquisition and on disposals to the beginning of the month following disposal.
(6) Depreciation is computed for a full period on all assets in use for over one-half year, and no depreciation is charged on assets in use for less than one-half year. (Use 365 days for base.)

Briefly evaluate the methods above, considering them from the point of view of basic accounting theory as well as simplicity of application.

Exercise 11-24

The 2014 Annual Report of Tootsie Roll Industries contains the following information.

(in millions) December 31, 2014 December 31, 2013
Total assets $910.4 $888.4
Total liabilities 219.3 208.1
Net sales 539.9 539.6
Net income 63.2 60.8

Compute the following ratios for Tootsie Roll for 2014.

(a) Asset turnover  (Round answer to 4 decimal places, e.g. 0.8512 times.) https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif times
(b) Return on assets  (Round answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 4.87%.) https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif %
(c) Profit margin on sales  (Round answer to 3 decimal places, e.g. 4.872%.) https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif %

Exercise 12-1

Presented below is a list of items that could be included in the intangible assets section of the balance sheet. (a) Indicate which items on the list below would generally be reported as intangible assets in the balance sheet.

Reported as
1. Investment in a subsidiary company. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
2. Timberland. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
3. Cost of engineering activity required to advance the design of a product to the manufacturing stage. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
4. Lease prepayment (6 months’ rent paid in advance). https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
5. Cost of equipment obtained. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
6. Cost of searching for applications of new research findings. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
7. Costs incurred in the formation of a corporation. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
8. Operating losses incurred in the start-up of a business. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
9. Training costs incurred in start-up of new operation. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
10. Purchase cost of a franchise. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
11. Goodwill generated internally. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
12. Cost of testing in search for product alternatives. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
13. Goodwill acquired in the purchase of a business. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
14. Cost of developing a patent. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
15. Cost of purchasing a patent from an inventor. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
16. Legal costs incurred in securing a patent. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
17. Unrecovered costs of a successful legal suit to protect the patent. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
18. Cost of conceptual formulation of possible product alternatives. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
19. Cost of purchasing a copyright. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
20. Research and development costs. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
21. Long-term receivables. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
22. Cost of developing a trademark. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif
 
23. Cost of purchasing a trademark. https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Exercise 12-4

Presented below is selected information for Sheridan Company. Answer the questions asked about each of the factual situations. 1. Sheridan purchased a patent from Vania Co. for $1,160,000 on January 1, 2015. The patent is being amortized over its remaining legal life of 10 years, expiring on January 1, 2025. During 2017, Sheridan determined that the economic benefits of the patent would not last longer than 6 years from the date of acquisition. What amount should be reported in the balance sheet for the patent, net of accumulated amortization, at December 31, 2017?

The amount to be reported $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

2. Sheridan bought a franchise from Alexander Co. on January 1, 2016, for $330,000. The carrying amount of the franchise on Alexander’s books on January 1, 2016, was $480,000. The franchise agreement had an estimated useful life of 30 years. Because Sheridan must enter a competitive bidding at the end of 2018, it is unlikely that the franchise will be retained beyond 2025. What amount should be amortized for the year ended December 31, 2017?

The amount to be amortized $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

3. On January 1, 2017, Sheridan incurred organization costs of $265,000. What amount of organization expense should be reported in 2017?

The amount to be reported $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

4. Sheridan purchased the license for distribution of a popular consumer product on January 1, 2017, for $146,000. It is expected that this product will generate cash flows for an indefinite period of time. The license has an initial term of 5 years but by paying a nominal fee, Sheridan can renew the license indefinitely for successive 5-year terms. What amount should be amortized for the year ended December 31, 2017?

The amount to be amortized $

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Exercise 12-14 (Part Level Submission)

Presented below is net asset information related to the Sage Hill Division of Santana, Inc.

SAGE HILL DIVISION NET ASSETS AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2017 (IN MILLIONS)
Cash $66
Accounts receivable 215
Property, plant, and equipment (net) 2,610
Goodwill 216
Less: Notes payable (2,605 )
Net assets $502

The purpose of the Sage Hill Division is to develop a nuclear-powered aircraft. If successful, traveling delays associated with refueling could be substantially reduced. Many other benefits would also occur. To date, management has not had much success and is deciding whether a write-down at this time is appropriate. Management estimated its future net cash flows from the project to be $435 million. Management has also received an offer to purchase the division for $330 million. All identifiable assets’ and liabilities’ book and fair value amounts are the same.

https://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/art2/common/pixel.gif

Order now and get 10% discount on all orders above $50 now!!The professional are ready and willing handle your assignment.

ORDER NOW »»