Exercise 25-8 NPV and profitability index LO P3

Following is information on two alternative investments being considered by Jolee Company. The company requires a 6% return from its investments. (FV of $1PV of $1FVA of $1PVA of $1FVAD of $1 and PVAD of $1). (Use appropriate factor(s) from the tables provided.))


  Project A Project B
  Initial investment   $ (186,325 )     $ (148,960 )  
  Expected net cash flows in year:                    
1     53,000         33,000    
2     50,000         59,000    
3     92,295         57,000    
4     94,400         79,000    
5     56,000         29,000    



1(a) For each alternative project compute the net present value. (Round “PV Factor” to 4 decimal places. Round your intermediate and final answers to the nearest dollar amount.)


Exercise 25-11 Keep or replace LO A1

Xinhong Company is considering replacing one of its manufacturing machines. The machine has a book value of $38,000 and a remaining useful life of 5 years, at which time its salvage value will be zero. It has a current market value of $48,000. Variable manufacturing costs are $33,000 per year for this machine. Information on two alternative replacement machines follows.


  Alternative A Alternative B
  Cost $ 117,000   $ 117,000  
  Variable manufacturing costs per year   22,100     10,500  



Calculate the total change in net income if Alternative A is adopted. (Cash outflows should be indicated by a minus sign.)



Exercise 25-12 Scrap or rework LO A1

A company must decide between scrapping or reworking units that do not pass inspection. The company has 10,000 defective units that cost $5.70 per unit to manufacture. The units can be sold as is for $2.50 each, or they can be reworked for $3.50 each and then sold for the full price of $9.50 each. If the units are sold as is, the company will have to build 10,000 replacement units at a cost of $5.70 each, and sell them at the full price of $9.50 each.


(1) What is the incremental income from selling the units as scrap and reworking and selling the units?



Exercise 25-13 Decision to accept additional business or not LO A1

Farrow Co. expects to sell 500,000 units of its product in the next period with the following results.


  Sales (500,000 units)   $ 7,500,000  
  Costs and expenses        
      Direct materials     1,000,000  
      Direct labor     2,000,000  
      Overhead     500,000  
      Selling expenses     750,000  
      Administrative expenses     1,285,000  

  Total costs and expenses     5,535,000  

  Net income   $ 1,965,000  



The company has an opportunity to sell 50,000 additional units at $12 per unit. The additional sales would not affect its current expected sales. Direct materials and labor costs per unit would be the same for the additional units as they are for the regular units. However, the additional volume would create the following incremental costs: (1) total overhead would increase by 16% and (2) administrative expenses would increase by $215,000.



Calculate the combined total net income if the company accepts the offer to sell additional units at the reduced price of $12 per unit.


Exercise 25-14 Make or buy decision LO A1

Gilberto Company currently manufactures one of its crucial parts at a cost of $3.30 per unit. This cost is based on a normal production rate of 80,000 units per year. Variable costs are $1.80 per unit, fixed costs related to making this part are $80,000 per year, and allocated fixed costs are $40,000 per year. Allocated fixed costs are unavoidable whether the company makes or buys the part. Gilberto is considering buying the part from a supplier for a quoted price of $3.00 per unit guaranteed for a three-year period.



Calculate the total incremental cost of making 80,000 units. (Round cost per unit answers to 2 decimal places.)




Exercise 25-15 Sell or process decision LO A1

Cobe Company has already manufactured 25,000 units of Product A at a cost of $25 per unit. The 25,000 units can be sold at this stage for $410,000. Alternatively, the units can be further processed at a $240,000 total additional cost and be converted into 5,600 units of Product B and 11,400 units of Product C. Per unit selling price for Product B is $106 and for Product C is $54.



1. Prepare an analysis that shows whether the 25,000 units of Product A should be processed further or not.


Exercise 25-16 Analysis of income effects from eliminating departments LO A1

[The following information applies to the questions displayed below.]

Suresh Co. expects its five departments to yield the following income for next year.


  Dept. M Dept. N Dept. O Dept. P Dept. T
  Sales   $ 41,000     $ 15,700       $ 34,500     $ 38,000       $ 15,700    
    Avoidable     4,100       13,800         11,300       7,000         18,400    
    Unavoidable     17,000       7,700         2,700       14,000         5,400    





    Total expenses     21,100       21,500         14,000       21,000         23,800    





  Net income (loss)   $ 19,900   $ (5,800 )     $ 20,500   $ 17,000     $ (8,100 )  








Recompute and prepare the departmental income statements (including a combined total column) for the company under each of the following separate scenarios.




Exercise 25-17 Sales mix determination and analysis LO A1

Colt Company owns a machine that can produce two specialized products. Production time for Product TLX is two units per hour and for Product MTV is five units per hour. The machine’s capacity is 2,000 hours per year. Both products are sold to a single customer who has agreed to buy all of the company’s output up to a maximum of 3,400 units of Product TLX and 1,980 units of Product MTV. Selling prices and variable costs per unit to produce the products follow.


  Product TLX   Product MTV  
  Selling price per unit   $ 11.50       $ 6.90    
  Variable costs per unit     3.45         4.14    


Determine the company’s most profitable sales mix and the contribution margin that results from that sales mix. (Round cost per unit answers to 2 decimal places.)

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