Listen perceptively to “O Magnum Mysterium” by the Renaissance Spanish composer Tomás Luis de Victoria.
“Kyrie” from Missa O Magnum Mysterium by the Renaissance Spanish composer Tomás Luis de Victoria.
In 5 short paragraphs, describe the attributes of the musical selection, according to the following critical criteria:
1. RECOGNIZE AND DESCRIBE:
At least one example of each musical element—rhythm, tempo, melody, harmony, timbre, texture, and form—that occur in this particular composition. Use precise musical terms learned in the course and descriptive adjectives. Examples of descriptive adjectives might include: a “menacing” melody, “triumphant” dynamics, or a “racing” tempo. Use your imagination!
Your conclusions about what the composer was trying to represent. [Might a “racing” tempo represent an attempt to escape from danger or dancing at a celebration?]
The composition’s emotional value, using language that describes emotional states. Does the music express joy, fear, pleasure, optimism, sadness?
The composition’s creative quality: What makes this composition a valuable work of art?
The effect that the composition has on you. How does it express aspects of the human condition? Does the music suggest a philosophy for living?
According to Stephen Morillo, a common issue that political elites in state-level societies had to manage was the merchant dilemma. Explain what the merchant dilemma was in terms of how networks and hierarchies simultaneously strengthened and challenged each other, and examine the potential risks and benefits of merchant activities for the ruling elites. Compare and contrast the following state-level societies in terms of the relative strengths of the political elites and the merchants, elite strategy for the management of the merchant dilemma, and the degree of success or failure of that strategy: Song China; the Abbasid Caliphate, the states of Western Europe around 1100. What might be the reasons for the apparent absence of the merchant dilemma in Mayan societies before 900 in the ink in empire?